Menopause has its own stages. They include pre-menopause, menopause, and post-menopause. Menopause is shown by a whole a year without any menstruation. After that one year is called a post-menopause stage. In this stage, there have been several changes in a woman’s body.
The most obvious change is on the ovary. Ovarian follicles are reduced which makes the FS hormone increase but estrogen and progesterone decrease. The altered hormone level in women’s bodies leads to several health problems. These are several problems that have been reported by many women after menopause.
When a woman is having the early stage of menopause, she might not feel any symptoms or changes except the menstruation absence. After a year of menopause, many women experience postmenopausal syndrome which takes different symptoms. They include mood swings, depression, dry vagina, lacking sexual desire, hot flushes, thinning hair, sudden weight gain, and insomnia. Some women even could suffer more than one symptom at a time.
The estrogen hormone in women’s bodies has an important role in cutting down cholesterol amounts in the arteries. Moreover, estrogen affects arteries’ elasticity that could expand or shrink to adjust blood circulation. With high bad cholesterol and reduced arteries flexibility, certain heart diseases such as arrhythmia, stroke, high blood pressure, atherosclerosis, peripheral artery disease, and cardiac arrest are often found in women after menopause.
Estrogen is the reason why women are less likely to suffer heart diseases in productive age compared to men. Unlike women, men tend to have less estrogen hormone. Yet, once women hit menopause and the estrogen level goes lower, heart disease risk gets doubled.
Bone health problems
Still related to estrogen and progesterone hormone, those hormones affect bone strength. Women’s smaller and thinner bones are easier to break or get fractured after menopause. Osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, and osteopenia usually start to develop at this stage. Weakening and thinning bones often lead to fractures at some bones like hips, wrist, spine, hands, arms, and heels. The fast weakening process is linked with extreme night sweats and hot flashes shown by a study. Also read woman’s most health threat
Calcium and lead are stored in bones. When bones get thinning and even break, lead especially are prone to get absorbed in the blood circulation. The high lead level in blood is also called as lead poisoning. This poisoning disturbs kidneys’ work and even brings headaches, muscle pain, abdominal pain, and memory loss.
Almost similar to bone, teeth are also greatly affected after menopause. Teeth loss gradually occurs due to many factors such as cavities, tooth decay, low calcium intake, and gum disease. Not only teeth but the gums are also receding which makes the teeth getting more sensitive to extreme temperature foods and beverages.
Still associated with the hormones, the tissues in the urethra and the bladder are supported and thickened by the hormones. There are hormones receptors in the tissue that influences the organ performance.